Behavioral & Cognitive Disorders

Browse Articles, recent Forum and News posts, Patient Handouts, External Resources, and Featured Images and Videos concerned with generalized and focal disorders affecting behavior and cognition.

In The Spotlight

Head trauma: neurobehavioral aspects
Mental status examination
Theory of mind

Focal Cognitive Symptoms & Disorders

Acalculia
Alexia
Alexia without agraphia
Alien hand syndrome
Apraxia
Aprosodia
Auditory hallucinations due to central nervous system lesions
Cognitive aspects of central auditory disorders
Cortical blindness
Executive dysfunction
Extrasylvian aphasias
Foix-Chavany-Marie syndrome
Hyperventilation syndrome
Hyposmia in neurodegenerative disorders
Korsakoff syndrome
Memory loss
Neglect
Neurologic disorders presenting with behavioral signs and symptoms
Perisylvian aphasias
Persistent vegetative state
Progressive subcortical gliosis
Right hemisphere language disorders
Rostral brainstem and thalamic infarctions
Transient epileptic amnesia
Transient global amnesia
Visual agnosias

Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Angelman syndrome
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Autism spectrum disorder
Cerebral palsy
Developmental language disorder
Down syndrome
Fragile X syndrome
Intellectual disability
PANDAS
Tourette syndrome

Treatable Dementias

Cerebral amyloid angiopathy
Cerebral vasculitis presenting with dementia
Chronic subdural hematoma
Cryptococcal meningitis
Drug-induced delirium
Drug-induced dementia
Hypothyroidism
Lyme disease
Metal neurotoxicity
Neurosarcoidosis
Neurosyphilis
Normal-pressure hydrocephalus
Pituitary apoplexy
Porphyria
Sleeping sickness
Systemic lupus erythematosus
Thyrotoxicosis
Whipple disease

Degenerative Dementias in Older Adults

ALS-like disorders of the Western Pacific
Alzheimer disease
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy
Corticobasal degeneration
Dementia associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Dementia in Parkinson disease
Familial Alzheimer disease
Fatal familial insomnia
Frontotemporal dementia
Hippocampal sclerosis of aging
Huntington disease
Hyposmia in neurodegenerative disorders
Nondominant hereditary ataxias
PART (Primary age-related tauopathy)
Progressive supranuclear palsy: cognitive and behavioral changes
Sleep and cerebral degenerative disorders
Sleep and dementia
Tauopathies with dementia and parkinsonism

Vascular Dementias

Cerebral amyloid angiopathy
Cerebral vasculitis presenting with dementia
Chronic subdural hematoma
Hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage
Primary CNS angiitis
Subcortical vascular cognitive impairment
Vascular cognitive impairment

Dementias in Medical Disorders

HIV-associated dementia
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy

Dementias in Children & Younger Adults

Adrenoleukodystrophy
Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis
Fabry disease
Fucosidosis
Gaucher disease
Globoid cell leukodystrophy
GM2 gangliosidoses
Lafora disease
Leigh syndrome
Leukodystrophies
Mucolipidosis II alpha/beta and mucolipidosis III alpha/beta
Mucopolysaccharidoses
Neuroacanthocytosis
Niemann-Pick disease type C
Niemann-Pick disease types A and B
Porphyria
Wilson disease

Neuropsychiatric & Psychogenic Disorders

Affective disorders in neurologic disease
Alcohol abuse and its neurologic complications
Comorbid depression in neurologic disorders
Depression after stroke
Neuroacanthocytosis
Psychogenic neurologic disorders
Schizophrenia

Related Topics

Alcohol abuse and its neurologic complications
Atomoxetine
Donepezil
Galantamine
Memantine
Methylphenidate
Minor closed head injury
Neurodegenerative disorders: treatment with neurotrophic factors
Neuropsychologic correlates in pediatric sleep apnea
Pemoline
Risperidone
Rivastigmine
Sleep and intellectual disability

Forum

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News

See what's being published in neurology and the neurosciences.

Brain stimulation improves schizophrenia-like cognitive problems
Mar 28, 2017
A new study published in Molecular Psychiatry finds that stimulating the cerebellum in rats with schizophrenia-like thinking problems normalizes brain activity in the frontal cortex and corrects the rats' ability to estimate the passage of time - a cognitive deficit that is characteristic in people with schizophrenia
Alzheimer disease linked to the metabolism of unsaturated fats
Mar 22, 2017
A new study published in PLOS Medicine's Special Issue on Dementia has found that the metabolism of omega-3 and omega-6 unsaturated fatty acids in the brain are associated with the progression of Alzheimer disease.
Cause of obsessive-compulsive disorder discovered
Mar 16, 2017
German researchers show in mouse models that the absence of the protein SPRED2 alone can trigger excessive grooming behavior. This protein absence increases the activity of the Ras/ERK-MAP kinase cascade, leading to obsessive compulsive symptoms.
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Patient Handouts

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Achromatopsia
Adrenoleukodystrophy
Afasia (Spanish)
Agenesia del cuerpo calloso
Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome
Polymicrogyria

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