Behavioral & Cognitive Disorders

Browse Articles, recent Forum and News posts, Patient Handouts, External Resources, and Featured Images and Videos concerned with generalized and focal disorders affecting behavior and cognition.

In The Spotlight

Chronic traumatic encephalopathy
Mental status examination
Theory of mind

Focal Cognitive Symptoms & Disorders

Acalculia
Alexia
Alexia without agraphia
Alien hand syndrome
Apraxia
Aprosodia
Auditory hallucinations due to central nervous system lesions
Cognitive aspects of central auditory disorders
Cortical blindness
Disorders of consciousness
Executive dysfunction
Extrasylvian aphasias
Foix-Chavany-Marie syndrome
Hyperventilation syndrome
Hyposmia in neurodegenerative disorders
Korsakoff syndrome
Memory loss
Neglect
Neurologic disorders presenting with behavioral signs and symptoms
Perisylvian aphasias
Progressive subcortical gliosis
Right hemisphere language disorders
Rostral brainstem and thalamic infarctions
Transient epileptic amnesia
Transient global amnesia
Visual agnosias

Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Angelman syndrome
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Autism spectrum disorder
Cerebral palsy
Developmental language disorder
Down syndrome
Fragile X syndrome
Intellectual disability
PANDAS
Tourette syndrome

Treatable Dementias

Cerebral amyloid angiopathy
Cerebral vasculitis presenting with dementia
Chronic subdural hematoma
Cryptococcal meningitis
Drug-induced delirium
Drug-induced dementia
Hypothyroidism
Lyme disease
Metal neurotoxicity
Neurosarcoidosis
Neurosyphilis
Normal-pressure hydrocephalus
Pituitary apoplexy
Porphyria
Sleeping sickness
Systemic lupus erythematosus
Thyrotoxicosis
Whipple disease

Degenerative Dementias in Older Adults

ALS-like disorders of the Western Pacific
Alzheimer disease
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy
Corticobasal degeneration
Dementia associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Dementia in Parkinson disease
Dementia with Lewy bodies
Familial Alzheimer disease
Fatal familial insomnia
Frontotemporal dementia
Huntington disease
Hyposmia in neurodegenerative disorders
Nondominant hereditary ataxias
PART (Primary age-related tauopathy)
Progressive supranuclear palsy: cognitive and behavioral changes
Sleep and cerebral degenerative disorders
Sleep and dementia
Tauopathies with dementia and parkinsonism

Vascular Dementias

Cerebral amyloid angiopathy
Cerebral vasculitis presenting with dementia
Chronic subdural hematoma
Hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage
Primary CNS angiitis
Subcortical vascular cognitive impairment
Vascular cognitive impairment

Dementias in Medical Disorders

HIV-associated dementia
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy

Dementias in Children & Younger Adults

Adrenoleukodystrophy
Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis
Fabry disease
Fucosidosis
Gaucher disease
Globoid cell leukodystrophy
GM2 gangliosidoses
Lafora disease
Leigh syndrome
Leukodystrophies
Mucolipidosis II alpha/beta and mucolipidosis III alpha/beta
Mucopolysaccharidoses
Neuroacanthocytosis
Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation
Niemann-Pick disease type C
Niemann-Pick disease types A and B
Porphyria
Wilson disease

Neuropsychiatric & Psychogenic Disorders

Affective disorders in neurologic disease
Alcohol abuse and its neurologic complications
Comorbid depression in neurologic disorders
Depression after stroke
Functional neurologic disorders and related disorders
Neuroacanthocytosis
Schizophrenia

Related Topics

Alcohol abuse and its neurologic complications
Anti-LGI1 encephalitis
Atomoxetine
Donepezil
Galantamine
Memantine
Methylphenidate
Minor closed head injury
Neurodegenerative disorders: treatment with neurotrophic factors
Neuropsychologic correlates in pediatric sleep apnea
Pemoline
Risperidone
Rivastigmine
Sleep and intellectual disability

Forum

Interact with your peers.

News

See what's being published in neurology and the neurosciences.

Want to learn a new skill? Take some short breaks
Apr 12, 2019
NIH study suggests our brains may use short rest periods to strengthen memories.
Research underscores value of cognitive training for adults with mild cognitive impairment
Apr 10, 2019
Memory and higher-order cognitive functions improve; neurostimulation fails to enhance training benefits.
Advances in deep brain stimulation could lead to new treatments for people with movement and psychia
Apr 05, 2019
Recent advances in DBS could lead to treatments for obsessive-compulsive disorder, Gilles de la Tourette syndrome, and depression.
View All

Patient Handouts

Print or email information for your patients when needed.

Achromatopsia
Adrenoleukodystrophy
Afasia (Spanish)
Agenesia del cuerpo calloso
Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome
Polymicrogyria
Primary progressive aphasia

Guidelines

Quality Measures

Other External Resources

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Clinical Trials

Featured Images and Videos

Learn from examples.

Diagram of lesion causing pure alexia