Behavioral & Cognitive Disorders

Browse Articles, recent Forum and News posts, Patient Handouts, External Resources, and Featured Images and Videos concerned with generalized and focal disorders affecting behavior and cognition.

In The Spotlight

Chronic traumatic encephalopathy
Mental status examination
Theory of mind

Focal Cognitive Symptoms & Disorders

Acalculia
Alexia
Alexia without agraphia
Alien hand syndrome
Apraxia
Aprosodia
Auditory hallucinations due to central nervous system lesions
Cognitive aspects of central auditory disorders
Cortical blindness
Disorders of consciousness
Executive dysfunction
Extrasylvian aphasias
Foix-Chavany-Marie syndrome
Hyperventilation syndrome
Hyposmia in neurodegenerative disorders
Korsakoff syndrome
Memory loss
Neglect
Neurologic disorders presenting with behavioral signs and symptoms
Perisylvian aphasias
Progressive subcortical gliosis
Right hemisphere language disorders
Rostral brainstem and thalamic infarctions
Transient epileptic amnesia
Transient global amnesia
Visual agnosias

Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Angelman syndrome
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Autism spectrum disorder
Cerebral palsy
Developmental language disorder
Down syndrome
Fragile X syndrome
Intellectual disability
PANDAS
Tourette syndrome

Treatable Dementias

Cerebral amyloid angiopathy
Cerebral vasculitis presenting with dementia
Chronic subdural hematoma
Cryptococcal meningitis
Drug-induced delirium
Drug-induced dementia
Hypothyroidism
Lyme disease
Metal neurotoxicity
Neurosarcoidosis
Neurosyphilis
Normal-pressure hydrocephalus
Pituitary apoplexy
Porphyria
Sleeping sickness
Systemic lupus erythematosus
Thyrotoxicosis
Whipple disease

Degenerative Dementias in Older Adults

ALS-like disorders of the Western Pacific
Alzheimer disease
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy
Corticobasal degeneration
Dementia associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Dementia in Parkinson disease
Dementia with Lewy bodies
Familial Alzheimer disease
Fatal familial insomnia
Frontotemporal dementia
Huntington disease
Hyposmia in neurodegenerative disorders
Nondominant hereditary ataxias
PART (Primary age-related tauopathy)
Progressive supranuclear palsy: cognitive and behavioral changes
Sleep and cerebral degenerative disorders
Sleep and dementia
Tauopathies with dementia and parkinsonism

Vascular Dementias

Cerebral amyloid angiopathy
Cerebral vasculitis presenting with dementia
Chronic subdural hematoma
Hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage
Primary CNS angiitis
Subcortical vascular cognitive impairment
Vascular cognitive impairment

Dementias in Medical Disorders

HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy

Dementias in Children & Younger Adults

Adrenoleukodystrophy
Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis
Fabry disease
Fucosidosis
Gaucher disease
Globoid cell leukodystrophy
GM2 gangliosidoses
Lafora disease
Leigh syndrome
Leukodystrophies
Mucolipidosis II alpha/beta and mucolipidosis III alpha/beta
Mucopolysaccharidoses
Neuroacanthocytosis
Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation
Niemann-Pick disease type C
Niemann-Pick disease types A and B
Porphyria
Wilson disease

Neuropsychiatric & Psychogenic Disorders

Affective disorders in neurologic disease
Alcohol abuse and its neurologic complications
Bipolar disorder
Comorbid depression in neurologic disorders
Depression after stroke
Functional neurologic disorders and related disorders
Neuroacanthocytosis
Schizophrenia

Related Topics

Alcohol abuse and its neurologic complications
Anti-LGI1 encephalitis
Antipsychotics
Atomoxetine
Donepezil
Galantamine
Memantine
Methylphenidate
Minor closed head injury
Neurodegenerative disorders: treatment with neurotrophic factors
Neuropsychologic correlates in pediatric sleep apnea
Pemoline
Risperidone
Rivastigmine
Sleep and intellectual disability

Forum

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News

See what's being published in neurology and the neurosciences.

Long-term blood pressure variation and risk of dementia
Nov 13, 2019
Study reports that people who experienced substantial changes in blood pressure over the long term were at greater risk of dementia than those who did not.
Study: Rapamycin prevents age-related brain vascular deterioration
Nov 07, 2019
Study shows age-related decreases in blood flow to the brain and memory loss can be modified with the drug rapamycin.
Stressed to the max? Deep sleep can rewire the anxious brain
Nov 05, 2019
A sleepless night can trigger up to a 30% rise in emotional stress levels, new study shows.
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Patient Handouts

Print or email information for your patients when needed.

Achromatopsia
Adrenoleukodystrophy
Afasia (Spanish)
Agenesia del cuerpo calloso
Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome
Polymicrogyria
Primary progressive aphasia

Guidelines

Quality Measures

Other External Resources

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Clinical Trials

Featured Images and Videos

Learn from examples.

Diagram of lesion causing pure alexia