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Typical absence seizures in childhood absence epilepsy

Typical absence seizures in childhood absence epilepsy

This 4.5-year-old normal development boy presented with absences. Hyperventilation: (a) blowing a windmill and (b) blowing into a glass with water. Note that he suddenly stops overbreathing, eyes open and staring, not responding concomitant with horizontal upper body movements. The termination is also abrupt. This patient responded to sodium valproate. (Contributed by Dr. Athanasios Covanis.)

Associated Disorders

  • Absences with single myoclonic jerks during the absence ictus
  • Childhood absence epilepsy
  • Eyelid myoclonia and (with) absences (Jeavons syndrome)
  • Facial (perioral or eyebrow) myoclonia and absences
  • Generalized tonic-clonic seizures
  • Juvenile absence epilepsy
  • Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy
  • Myoclonic absence epilepsy
  • Phantom absences
  • Symptomatic and cryptogenic absences
  • Typical absences with specific modes of precipitation (reflex absences)