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Bilateral visual loss in posterior reversible encephalopathy

This 47-year-old man had severe bilateral visual loss as well as confusion and decreased arousal. The blood pressure was 229/140 mmHg. The MRI revealed signal abnormality in the posterior hemispheres, predominantly in white matter. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome was diagnosed, and he improved following treatment of hypertension. (Contributed by Dr. Sashank Prasad.)

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Associated Disorders

  • Adrenoleukodystrophy
  • Anton syndrome
  • Carbon monoxide poisoning
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Congenital cerebral malformation
  • Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
  • Dialysis disequilibrium syndrome
  • Eclampsia
  • Encephalitis
  • Encephalopathy
  • HELLP syndrome
  • Heroin toxicity
  • Lead poisoning
  • Leigh disease
  • Leukomalacia
  • Meningitis
  • Mercury poisoning
  • Metachromatic leukodystrophy
  • Methanol poisoning
  • Mitochondrial encephalopathy (MELAS syndrome)
  • Moyamoya disease
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency
  • Postcardiopulmonary bypass hypotension
  • Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome
  • Preeclampsia
  • Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Uremia