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  • Updated 11.27.2023
  • Released 01.06.2012
  • Expires For CME 11.27.2026

Movement disorder emergencies



Movement disorder emergencies refer to neurologic conditions where movement disorders are the main feature. These emergencies develop acutely or subacutely and require immediate medical attention. Failure to promptly diagnose and treat these conditions can lead to significant mortality and even morbidity (30). These include neuroleptic malignant syndrome, parkinsonism-hyperpyrexia syndrome, acute decompensation of parkinsonism, serotonin syndrome, lethal catatonia, dystonic storm, and malignant Tourette syndrome.

Key points

• Prompt diagnosis and management of movement disorder can reduce morbidity and mortality.

• The mainstay of movement disorder emergencies involves the cessation of the offending agent combined with aggressive supportive therapy.

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