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Extracranial-intracranial bypass: intraoperative images

(A) Donor superficial temporal artery (arrowhead) is prepared for anastomosis to a recipient distal branch of the middle cerebral artery (arrow) with temporary vessel clips in place. (B) Completed end-to-side anastomosis (arrow). (C) Indocyanine green imaging demonstrating patency of the anastomosis (arrow). (Contributed by Dr. Matthew Reynolds and Dr. Daniel Heiferman.)

Associated Disorders

  • Carotid atherosclerosis
  • Cerebrovascular disease
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Diabetes
  • Extracranial carotid artery occlusive disease
  • Intracranial atherothrombosis
  • Intracranial occlusive disease
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Peripheral vascular disease