Dr. Lukas of Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine received honorariums from AbbVie as a guest speaker, from NewLink Genetics and Reneuron for consulting work, and from Monetris as an advisory board member.)
This article includes discussion of chemotherapy: neurologic complications and neurologic complications of systemic anticancer therapies. The foregoing terms may include synonyms, similar disorders, variations in usage, and abbreviations.
Patients with cancer are living longer due to earlier diagnoses and remarkable improvements in treatments. Unfortunately, neurologic complications from chemotherapy remain a significant cause of morbidity and may play a role in limiting potential treatments. In addition, novel therapies such as small molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitors, immunotherapy, and various monoclonal antibodies have also been associated with neurologic complications. Because treatments for therapy-induced neurotoxicity are limited, awareness of common neurologic complications is important to prevent permanent damage. The authors review common neurologic complications of both conventional chemotherapy and novel systemic agents in this article. This article has been updated to include neurologic complications of CAR T cell therapy.
• Neurologic complications from chemotherapy impact quality of life and remain an important source of dose-limiting toxicity.
• The neurotoxicities of chemotherapy are widely known, but several targeted agents such as bortezomib, ipilimumab, and bevacizumab and immunotherapies such as ipilimumab, pembrolizumab, and nivolumab are also associated with neurologic complications.
• Early recognition and prevention may help avoid permanent neurologic damage.
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