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  • Updated 04.04.2020
  • Released 12.18.2001
  • Expires For CME 04.04.2023

Cerebral arteriopathies

Introduction

Overview

In this article, the authors present an approach to the diagnosis and management of cerebral arteriopathies. Several important entities are briefly reviewed, including carotid and vertebral arterial dissection, moyamoya disease, reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndromes, primary angiitis of the central nervous system, dolichoectasia, sickle cell disease, CADASIL, Fabry disease, and selected genetic and inherited arteriopathies.

Key points

• Cerebral arteriopathies are a diverse group of disorders requiring a high index of suspicion and reliance on clinical and imaging clues for diagnosis.

• Small-vessel arteriopathies may not be revealed on cerebral angiography.

• Accurate diagnosis is important because individual cerebral arteriopathies have unique management and prognostic implications.

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