Neuropharmacology & Neurotherapeutics
General anesthesia: neurologic complications
Sep. 10, 2020
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What is Behçet’s disease?
Behçet’s disease can affect different parts of your body. If you have the disease, you probably have sores in the mouth or on the genitals (sex organs). More serious symptoms can include swelling, heat, redness, and pain in the eyes and other parts of the body.
The disease is named after the doctor who first described it, Dr. Hulusi Behçet.
Points To Remember About Behçet’s Disease
Who gets Behçet’s disease?
Behçet’s disease is common in some parts of the world, but it is rare in the United States. Behçet’s disease tends to develop in people in their twenties or thirties, but people of all ages can develop this disease.
What are the symptoms of Behçet’s disease?
The symptoms of Behçet’s disease differ for each person. Some people have only mild symptoms, such as sores in the mouth. Others have more severe problems, such as vision loss. Symptoms may appear, disappear, and then reappear. If you are having symptoms, then you are going through a “flare.”
The five most common symptoms of Behçet’s disease are:
Less common symptoms include:
What causes Behçet’s disease?
Most symptoms of Behçet’s disease are due to swelling of the blood vessels. Doctors aren't sure what causes this. You may have a gene that causes a problem in your immune system, making it more likely you will get the disease. Something in the environment, such as bacteria or viruses, may then cause the immune system to attack its blood vessels.
You can’t give Behçet’s disease to someone else.
Is there a test for Behçet’s disease?
Behçet’s disease is hard to diagnose because:
Symptoms used to determine if you have the disease include:
Because it may take months or even years for all symptoms to appear, it may take a long time before you will know if you have Behçet’s disease. You can help your doctor diagnose the disease by keeping a record of your symptoms and when they occur.
How is Behçet’s disease treated?
There is no cure for Behçet’s disease. Treatment will help reduce pain and prevent serious problems. Common treatments include:
Who treats Behçet’s disease?
Because Behçet’s disease can affect different parts of your body, you may need to see more than one doctor. It may be helpful to have one doctor, such as a rheumatologist, to manage your treatment and monitor side effects from medicines.
Some doctors who treat Behçet’s disease symptoms are:
Where can people get more information about Behçet’s disease?
U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Toll free: 888-INFO-FDA (888-463-6332)
Drugs@FDA at https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cder/daf. Drugs@FDA is a searchable catalog of FDA-approved drug products.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics
National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
National Eye Institute
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
American College of Rheumatology
American Behçet’s Disease Association
American Skin Association
This information was developed by the National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases.
National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. Questions and Answers About Behçet’s Disease. Available at: https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/behcets-disease#tab-related-resources. Last accessed July 22, 2020.
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