Neurocysticercosis is caused by CNS infection with Taenia solium larva. In neurocysticercosis, humans are the intermediate host; cysts develop in the brain parenchyma, meninges, or ventricular spaces. In general, cysticerci do not produce clinical symptomatology until the cyst begins to die. The inflammatory reaction triggered by cyst degeneration produces clinical symptoms such as seizures, headaches, altered mental status, and focal neurologic signs like hemiparesis, visual loss, and paraparesis.
Aug. 08, 2021