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Axial T1-weighted MRI section showing severe atrophy of the cerebellum with mild atrophy of the brainstem. (Contributed by Dr. Mirja Somer.)
Neuropharmacology & Neurotherapeutics
Mar. 07, 2021
Behavioral & Cognitive Disorders
Brain pathology is frequently associated with alexia, a disturbance in reading ability. Four types of alexia have been described: alexia without agraphia, alexia with agraphia, spatial alexia, and frontal alexia. Excepting spatial alexia, acquired reading disturbances are associated with left hemisphere pathology – usually strokes, tumors, or traumas. Rehabilitation is usually carried out simultaneously with aphasia rehabilitation.
Jan. 28, 2020
Strokes, seizures, myelopathy, neuropathy, and cognitive dysfunction are among the neurological effects most directly related to systemic lupus erythematosus. Headaches, delirium, and psychosis may also be seen. SLE is a chronic relapsing autoimmune disease.
Jul. 16, 2021
2-hydroxyglutaric acidurias belong to organic acidurias. They represent inherited disorders, each with a characteristic symptomatology, MR-pattern, and
Oct. 06, 2016
Nov. 19, 2020
Blepharospasm is characterized by involuntary eye closure, along with contractions of other facial muscles, oromandibular dystonia, and sometimes cervical dystonia. Excessive contractions of the eyelids, orbicularis oculi adjacent muscles, jaw and neck muscles cause these symptoms. It is a focal dystonia of idiopathic origin.
Jul. 05, 2021
General Child Neurology
Hypotonia is reduced tension or resistance of passive range of motion and can occur with varying degrees of weakness. Central hypotonia is more likely to be noted axially with normal strength and hyperactive to normal deep tendon reflexes. Other clinical signs will vary by specific etiology. Examples include dysmorphic features associated with specific genetic disorders or multiorgan involvement in many metabolic disorders.
Aug. 24, 2020
Childhood Degenerative & Metabolic Disorders
Exome sequencing continues to enlarge the spectrum of single enzyme defects of peroxisomal beta-oxidation. In this article, the author highlights 4 patients
Nov. 01, 2018