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Late venous phase (fluorescein angiography)

As the bolus of dye passes through the eye, the arterioles are seen to empty while the veins are still completely filled. The dye will now begin to recirculate and remain visible for an extended period of time. It is in these late phases that a breakdown in the blood-brain barrier in the eye can be documented. (Contributed by Dr. James Walters.)

Associated Disorders

  • Bassen-Kornzweig disease
  • Cushing syndrome
  • Kearns-Sayre syndrome
  • Lawrence-Moon-Biedl syndrome
  • Mitochondrial encephalopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS)
  • Ocular paraneoplastic syndromes
  • Refsum disease
  • Usher syndrome
  • gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • posterior vitreous detachment
  • retinal detachment
  • systemic arterial hypertension
  • systemic lupus erythematosus