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A type 1 middle cranial fossa arachnoid cyst without mass effect imaged with unenhanced CT. (Contributed by Dr. Robert Grant.)
Oct. 21, 2020
Headache & Pain
Migraine in children commonly causes bilateral or midfrontal headaches which can sometimes last less than an hour, as well as gastrointestinal, visual, motor, or sensory symptoms, with normality between attacks also a key clinical feature. Irritability, malaise, and hyperactivity can precede the headache. A large proportion of children with migraine have a family history of migraine.
Jun. 12, 2020
Although rarely observed, Kleine-Levin syndrome is an interesting disorder affecting one to two patients per million inhabitants worldwide and is associated
Aug. 09, 2021
HTLV-1 associated myelopathy is a progressive inflammatory myelopathy that typically evolves over decades. Typical features include spastic paraparesis typified by early bladder dysfunction, neuritic pains in the low back and legs, and frequent subtle lower motor neuron findings. Brain and cord MRI with serology and PCR will make the diagnosis. There is only symptomatic treatment for inflammation and spasticity, but no specific etiologic treatment.
Oct. 15, 2020
Neuro-Ophthalmology & Neuro-Otology
Clinical examination is essential for diagnosis of unusual retinopathies, and prompt diagnosis and treatment of retinopathies and choroidopathies is essential to avoiding further complications and permanent blindness. Uncommon pathologies include Usher syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus, polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy, and punctate inner choroidopathy, among others.
Jun. 02, 2019
Epilepsy & Seizures
Psychosis is a term used to describe an abnormal condition of the brain that involves a disruption in reality testing, often including the presence of
Oct. 16, 2017
General Child Neurology
Childhood lead poisoning is a growing concern, particularly because new findings have shown that low-level, typical-population lead exposures are associated
Nov. 21, 2016