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Continuous spike-wave during sleep in 8-year-old (EEG)

The EEG shows infrequent clusters of focal centrotemporal sharp-slow waves when the child is alert (left), which become continuous and diffuse during sleep (right). (Used with permission from: Panayiotopoulos CP. A Clinical Guide to Epileptic Syndromes and Their Treatment. Revised 2nd ed. London: Springer, 2010.)

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Associated Disorders

  • Dravet syndrome
  • Epilepsy of infancy with migrating focal seizures
  • Epileptic encephalopathy with continuous spike-and-wave during sleep
  • Febrile convulsions
  • Hemiclonic seizures and hemiclonic status epilepticus
  • Hemiconvulsion-hemiplegia-epilepsy syndrome
  • Idiopathic childhood occipital epilepsy of Gastaut
  • Idiopathic generalized epilepsy
  • Panayiotopoulos syndrome
  • Rolandic epilepsy