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Histopathology was consistent with Rasmussen syndrome by demonstrating astrogliosis, neuronal loss, and lymphocytic aggregates. (Contributed by Dr. Gary Mathern.)
Oct. 12, 2020
Dermatomyositis is characterized by muscle weakness and skin rash on the face, knuckles, elbows, knees, chest and back. It can also cause dysphagia, cardiac or pulmonary abnormalities, and subcutaneous calcium deposits. It is an inflammatory myopathy.
May. 03, 2021
Childhood Degenerative & Metabolic Disorders
Oct. 21, 2020
Epilepsy & Seizures
Alcohol withdrawal seizures are a severe manifestation of alcohol withdrawal syndrome, occurring 6 to 48 hours after alcohol cessation as blood alcohol reaches zero. They are characterized by being generalized tonic-clonic, and patients have a nonfocal neurologic examination.
Mar. 12, 2021
African sleeping sickness is a devastating epidemic that affects tens of thousands of sub-Saharan Africans. The causative agent usually belongs to 1 of 3 species of the Trypanosoma genus and is transmitted to humans through a vector, the tsetse fly. Neurologic manifestations, including headache, altered EEG, and mood changes, may occur during the initial febrile period before trypanosomes can be detected in the cerebrospinal fluid and are associated with meningeal inflammation.
Oct. 20, 2020
Fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome is a late-onset triplet repeat disorder that leads to dementia, ataxia, tremor, and neuropathy. Average age of onset is around 60 years, with tremor being the first symptom. MRI features include brain atrophy and white matter disease. It affects less than 20% of female and about 50% of male carriers.
Feb. 25, 2021
Headache & Pain
Hemiplegic migraine is characterized by migraine with aura including motor weakness. Recurrent coma, encephalitis, or cerebellar ataxia in a patient with a family history of migraine and cerebellar ataxia could be the presenting symptoms of familial hemiplegic migraine. Attacks may be provoked by emotional stress, mild head trauma, angiography, or exertion. Most hemiplegic patients recover completely between attacks, but permanent sequelae have been reported.
Dec. 06, 2020
Aug. 18, 2020