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A long stretch of stable NREM sleep (non-CAP) characterized by absent or isolated phasic events. (Contributed by Dr. Liborio Parrino.)
Neuropharmacology & Neurotherapeutics
Nov. 13, 2020
Headache & Pain
Hemiplegic migraine is characterized by migraine with aura including motor weakness. Recurrent coma, encephalitis, or cerebellar ataxia in a patient with a family history of migraine and cerebellar ataxia could be the presenting symptoms of familial hemiplegic migraine. Attacks may be provoked by emotional stress, mild head trauma, angiography, or exertion. Most hemiplegic patients recover completely between attacks, but permanent sequelae have been reported.
Dec. 06, 2020
Childhood Degenerative & Metabolic Disorders
Oct. 21, 2020
The septum pellucidum is a non-neural dual membrane structure originating from the medial parts of the embryonic cerebral hemispheres. Right and left
Dec. 02, 2018
General Child Neurology
Chiari malformation describes a group of structural defects of the cerebellum, characterized by brain tissue protruding into the spinal canal. For most patients, Chiari malformation is a congenital malformation, arising from an embryologic defect in the formation of neural and craniovertebral structures. Chiari malformations are often associated with myelomeningocele, hydrocephalus, syringomyelia, and tethered cord syndrome. Some categorize type 1 malformations as “adult type” and type 2 malformations as “congenital type.”
Jun. 12, 2020
Traditionally, vaccines have been developed for prevention of infectious diseases. For example, vaccines are the most important and effective preventive measures against COVID-19 and its neurological manifestation, ie, neuroCOVID. Apart from prevention of infectious diseases, vaccines are in development for therapeutic use in noninfectious diseases. Indications for therapeutic vaccines include neurodegenerative disorders, traumatic brain injury, glioblastoma, and multiple sclerosis.
Apr. 03, 2021
Neuro-Ophthalmology & Neuro-Otology
Orbital pathology can result in neuro-ophthalmic manifestations such as optic neuropathy and ocular misalignment, leading to vision loss and diplopia. Proptosis is the hallmark of orbital pathology, but is not always present. Thyroid-related orbitopathy, orbital tumors, and orbital inflammatory syndromes are common orbital conditions.
Feb. 12, 2020
Stroke & Vascular Disorders
A transient ischemic attack (TIA) is defined as an acute focal neurologic deficit that is localized to one vascular territory, lasting less than 24 hours, with abrupt onset and abrupt or gradual resolution. Carotid TIAs occur in the territory of the internal carotid artery or its branches. Symptoms of carotid TIAs include transient dysarthria, limb weakness, face weakness, visual impairment, dysphasia, and body or face numbness or paresthesia.
Dec. 04, 2019