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Subcortical vascular dementia (MRI)

Flair axial brain MRI in a 76-year-old hypertensive man with mild slowing of gait and mentation, showing ventricular dilatation and extensive periventricular lucencies (leukoaraiosis). The MRI findings are grossly out of proportion to the clinical condition of the patient. (Contributed by Dr. Sudhir Kothari.)

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Associated Disorders

  • Alzheimer disease
  • Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL)
  • Subcortical arteriosclerotic encephalopathy (Binswanger disease)