Sleep and intellectual disability
Sleep disturbances, including insomnia, hypersomnia, and sleep-disordered breathing, are common in individuals with intellectual disability, including children with neurodevelopmental disorders. The concomitant maturation of sleep with synaptic physiology may explain disruption of sleep in neurodevelopmental disorders. Good sleep hygiene and correction of risk factors are preventive measures. Routine management includes behavioral programs and sleep medications unless a correctable cause is identified.
Sep. 25, 2021