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Ultrasonography of the thyroid and parathyroid glands

(A) Right side: an irregular hypoechoic nodular lesion (arrows), measuring approximately 17 × 14 mm with foci of calcification, in the upper pole of the right lobe of the thyroid gland suggestive of adenoma or carcinoma of the parathyroid gland. (B) Left side: No abnormalities were found. (Source: Huq MR, Hossain A, Hannan MA, Anwar MB, Khan AM. Proximal myopathy with hypercalcemic crisis and papillary thyroid carcinoma in a 38-year-old female. Cureus 2021;13[12]:e20700. Creative Commons Attribution [CC-BY 4.0] license,

Associated Disorders

  • Calciphylaxis
  • Chronic renal failure
  • DiGeorge Syndrome
  • Hemochromatosis
  • Osteitis fibrosa cystica
  • Osteomalacia
  • Parathyroid adenocarcinoma
  • Parathyroid adenoma
  • Wilson disease