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In 1866, Dr. John Langdon Down provided the first comprehensive description of what is now known as Down syndrome. (Contributed by Dr. George Capone.)
Oct. 21, 2020
Neuropharmacology & Neurotherapeutics
Nov. 06, 2020
May. 24, 2021
This article includes discussion of tibial nerve injuries and Morton neuroma. The foregoing terms may include synonyms, similar disorders, variations in
Jun. 07, 2021
Stroke & Vascular Disorders
Cerebral artery dissection is the most common cause of stroke in young adults. The most common clinical features of extracranial carotid dissection include ipsilateral headache or neck pain, Horner syndrome, and cerebral or retinal ischemia. An estimated 50% of cases develop stroke and 30% present with transient ischemic attack from hemodynamic compromise of the distal vasculature due to luminal narrowing, or by distal embolism due to thrombotic fragments that communicate with the lumen of the dissected vessel.
Apr. 05, 2020
Peripheral neuropathy is the most common neurologic manifestation of hepatitis C and hepatitis B virus, which are the most frequent hepatitis viruses with nervous system involvement. Cognitive impairment is experienced by a significant proportion of patients with chronic hepatitis C. Hepatitis can affect the entire nervous system, including the brain, spinal cord, motor neurons, peripheral nerves, and muscles.
Jan. 27, 2021
X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT1X) is the second most common form of inherited neuropathy. Patients develop a progressive distal weakness and
May. 30, 2021
Fusiform (nonsaccular) aneurysms are elongated dilations of intracranial arteries lacking a distinct neck. Dolichoectasia can be used as an interchangeable term but can also describe a less severe spectrum of arterial dilation and/or tortuosity. Fusiform and dolichoectatic aneurysms can present with ischemic strokes, intracranial hemorrhage, or symptoms related to compression of cranial nerves or brain structures, but they are also often asymptomatic and detected incidentally.
Feb. 21, 2021