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Polymicrogyria consisting of small fused meandering gyri. (Kluver-Barrera stain) (Contributed by Dr. Paul Mischel.)
Mar. 05, 2021
General Child Neurology
Jan. 18, 2021
Headache & Pain
Migraine in children commonly causes bilateral or midfrontal headaches which can sometimes last less than an hour, as well as gastrointestinal, visual, motor, or sensory symptoms, with normality between attacks also a key clinical feature. Irritability, malaise, and hyperactivity can precede the headache. A large proportion of children with migraine have a family history of migraine.
Jun. 12, 2020
Congenital HIV infection is the transmission of HIV-1 from mother to child, which occurs during or soon after birth. Current prevalence ranges from 1%
Jan. 21, 2019
Epilepsy & Seizures
Landau-Kleffner syndrome, or acquired epileptic aphasia, is an epileptic encephalopathy. Acquired aphasia is the more prominent feature because seizures are present in only 70% to 80% of patients. Verbal auditory agnosia is present in all patients, and in many cases the first diagnosis is hearing loss. Variable time may elapse between the loss of the ability to understand language and the expressive aphasia.
Jul. 26, 2021
Stroke & Vascular Disorders
Cerebral cavernous malformations are vascular lesions that may cause hemorrhage, seizures, headaches, cranial neuropathies, or neurologic manifestations reflecting lesion location. Patients present with acute or chronic neurologic deficits, periods of remission and exacerbation, or a progressive, insidious deterioration. Epilepsy is the most common clinical presentation of cavernous malformations; hemorrhage is the second most common clinical presentation.
Dec. 02, 2020
Neuropharmacology & Neurotherapeutics
Sep. 05, 2021
Aug. 24, 2021