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Heavily calcified basilar artery (CT)

CT scan shows a heavily calcified basilar artery near the arrow (movement artifact is present causing it to appear duplicated) with no obvious lumen. (Contributed by Dr. G Bryan Young.)

Associated Disorders

  • Electrolyte imbalance
  • Endocrine disorders
  • Folate deficiency
  • Global or multifocal cerebral ischemia (without neuronal death)
  • Hepatic encephalopathy
  • Hypercalcemia
  • Hyperemesis gravidarum
  • Hyperglycemia
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Hyponatremia
  • Hypophosphatemia
  • Nutritional encephalopathies
  • Organ failure (especially hepatic, pulmonary, and adrenal)
  • Pulmonary failure
  • Renal failure
  • Sepsis
  • Vitamin B12 deficiency
  • Wernicke encephalopathy