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Antoni A and B are seen. (Contributed by Dr. Sherman Stein.)
Jul. 11, 2020
Epilepsy & Seizures
Surgical treatment of children with intractable epilepsy involves a clinical approach that recognizes the neurobiology of the developing brain, and this
Oct. 12, 2019
Patients with polymyositis commonly present with a myopathy characterized by proximal and often symmetric muscle weakness manifested as difficulty performing tasks requiring the use of proximal muscles. Polymyositis has no unique clinical features, and its diagnosis is one of exclusion. Most patients described as having polymyositis actually have another disease—either inclusion body myositis, necrotizing autoimmune myositis, or antisynthetase syndrome.
May. 03, 2021
In this article, the authors discuss general principles regarding toxic peripheral neuropathy. This clinical entity is most commonly encountered as an
Jun. 08, 2020
Behavioral & Cognitive Disorders
Parkinson disease (PD) dementia is clinically distinct from other forms of dementia. Core features include a diagnosis of PD and a dementia syndrome leading to impairment in more than one cognitive domain, deficits impairing daily life, and a decline from premorbid functioning. Attention (particularly fluctuations), visuospatial construction, and executive function are more impaired in PD dementia compared with Alzheimer disease. In general, short-term memory and language are less impaired compared to Alzheimer disease.
Oct. 20, 2020
Neuro-Ophthalmology & Neuro-Otology
Jul. 25, 2020
Thiamine deficiency causes loss of appetite, weakness, pain in the limbs, shortness of breath, and swollen feet or legs. Cardiac failure can occur in severe cases. Dietary deficiencies or alcoholism are common causes. Beriberi, Wernicke encephalopathy, and Korsakoff syndrome are related disorders.
Feb. 26, 2021
Tourette syndrome (TS) is a neurobehavioral disorder chiefly manifested by motor and phonic tics. Most patients with TS have a variety of behavioral comorbidities, including obsessive-compulsive behavior, attention deficit disorder with or without hyperactivity, and impulse control disorder. TS is considered a genetic disorder, often inherited bi-lineally. Treatment must be individualized and tailored to the needs of each patient.
May. 28, 2021