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Parathyroid glands (gross appearance)

Gross appearance of the parathyroid glands (marked as “gl. pth.” in the Figure) in man as illustrated by Swedish physician and anatomist Ivar Sandstrom in 1880. (Public domain.)

Associated Disorders

  • Acute and chronic renal failure
  • Endocrine disorders
  • Familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia
  • Granulomatous disorders
  • Infantile hypercalcemia (Williams syndrome)
  • Malignancy
  • Milk-alkali syndrome
  • Primary hyperparathyroidism