Neuropharmacology & Neurotherapeutics
Drug delivery to the central nervous system
Oct. 04, 2021
Nearly 3,000 illustrations, including video clips of neurologic disorders.
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Full spectrum of neurology in 1,200 comprehensive articles.
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Comparison of blood flow during systole in a normal heart (top) and a heart with mitral regurgitation (bottom). In the normal heart, the mitral valve is closed during systole, and blood flows through the open aortic valve into the aorta. In the heart with mitral regurgitation, blood flows bidirectionally: retrograde into the left atrium through the abnormal mitral valve and anterograde into the aorta through the aortic valve. (Source: Cabot RC. Physical Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest. Second edition. New York: William Wood and Company, 1903. Public domain.)