General Child Neurology
Manifestations of hydrocephalus can present in an acute (often life-threatening), subacute, or chronic manner, with acute manifestations including vomiting, lethargy, irritability, and seizures. In newborns, this is usually accompanied by a bulging fontanelle, a large or enlarging head, splaying of the sutures, and sometimes forced downward deviation of the eyes. This is due to alterations in the normal cerebrospinal fluid dynamics, which result in elevated intracranial pressure.
Jun. 12, 2020