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Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (ictal video-EEG photo)

Sleep-EEG of 12-year-old female with a history of jerks on awakening. During the brief, about 1 second, generalized spike-and-wave discharge, her eyes opened, eyelids slightly jerked, and eyeballs turn upwards left. Eyes closed again immediately after the discharge. While awake, concomitant with myoclonic jerks, a transient eye-stare was also observed. She was also photosensitive to photic stimulation. (Contributed by Dr. Athanasios Covanis.)

Associated Disorders

  • Absences with single myoclonic jerks during the absence ictus
  • Childhood absence epilepsy
  • Eyelid myoclonia and (with) absences (Jeavons syndrome)
  • Facial (perioral or eyebrow) myoclonia and absences
  • Generalized tonic-clonic seizures
  • Juvenile absence epilepsy
  • Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy
  • Myoclonic absence epilepsy
  • Phantom absences
  • Symptomatic and cryptogenic absences
  • Typical absences with specific modes of precipitation (reflex absences)