Sign Up for a Free Account
  • Updated 01.08.2024
  • Released 02.02.1998
  • Expires For CME 01.08.2027

Median neuropathy


Historical note and terminology

After carpal tunnel syndrome, the most common median nerve entrapment is the pronator teres syndrome (04). Other less common entrapment sites include the ligament of Struthers, lacertus fibrosus, and the tendinous origin of the flexor digitorum superficialis.

Entrapment sites of the median nerve above the wrist
Photograph of upper extremity cadaveric dissection depicting the median nerve course. (A) location of supracondylar process and ligament of Struthers, (B) remnant of severed bicipital aponeurosis, and (C) the pronator teres muscle...

In 1848, Struthers depicted in finer detail the supracondylar process 5 cm above the medial epicondyle and its ligament. Struthers ligament can compress the median nerve (12). Anterior interosseous neuropathy was originally described in two patients who had spontaneous recovery (09). Around the same time, the pronator teres syndrome was recognized (24). Median nerve entrapment under the bicipital aponeurosis was described over two decades ago (11).

This is an article preview.
Start a Free Account
to access the full version.

  • Nearly 3,000 illustrations, including video clips of neurologic disorders.

  • Every article is reviewed by our esteemed Editorial Board for accuracy and currency.

  • Full spectrum of neurology in 1,200 comprehensive articles.

  • Listen to MedLink on the go with Audio versions of each article.

Questions or Comment?

MedLink®, LLC

3525 Del Mar Heights Rd, Ste 304
San Diego, CA 92130-2122

Toll Free (U.S. + Canada): 800-452-2400

US Number: +1-619-640-4660



ISSN: 2831-9125