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Retinal cholesterol embolus

In this photo of a retinal cholesterol embolus ("Hollenhorst plaque"), note the bright, refractile nature of the lesion, as well as the typical location at a bifurcation of vessels. Note also the lack of distal retinal ischemia, not uncommon with these plaques. (Contributed by Dr. Gregory van Stavern.)

Associated Disorders

  • Anemia
  • Angina
  • Angle closure glaucoma
  • Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy
  • Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Atrial myxoma
  • Bilateral transient visual loss
  • Brain tumor
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Endocarditis
  • Hypertension
  • Hyphema
  • Internal carotid artery dissection
  • Internal carotid artery occlusive disease
  • Mitral valve prolapse
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Ophthalmologic diseases
  • Patent foramen ovale
  • Polycythemia
  • Polymyalgia rheumatica
  • Retinal migraine
  • Rheumatic heart disease
  • Temporal arteritis
  • Transient monocular visual loss
  • Unilateral transient visual loss
  • Vasculitis