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Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (MRI)

In this brain MRI (fluid attenuated inversion recovery or FLAIR image) from a patient with RCVS, there is a small cortical surface subarachnoid hemorrhage overlying the left hemisphere (black arrow) and multiple dot- and linear-hyperintensities in the sulcal spaces of the right hemisphere (white arrows), indicating slow blood flow within dilated cortical surface arteries. (Contributed by Dr. Aneesh Singhal.)

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Associated Disorders

  • Bronchial carcinoids
  • Drug-induced vasculitis (Drug-induced cerebrovascular disease)
  • Drug-induced vasoconstriction (Headache associated with illicit drug use)
  • Eclampsia (Pregnancy and stroke)
  • Hemolytic uremic syndrome
  • Hypercalcemia
  • Hypertensive encephalopathy
  • Many trigger
  • Migraine (Migraine: clinical aspects)
  • Pheochromocytoma
  • Porphyria
  • Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome
  • Primary headaches (Acute headache: diagnosis)
  • Recurrent thunderclap headaches (Acute headache: diagnosis)
  • Severe closed head injury
  • Spinal subdural hematoma (Vascular disorders of the spinal cord)
  • Superficial siderosis
  • Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura: neurologic complications