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Histology of a tendon xanthoma in cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (200x)

Histology (hematoxylin and eosin, 200x) of a tendon xanthoma in a patient with cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis reveals accumulation of xanthoma cells (fine arrows) and dispersed lipid crystal clefts (coarse arrows). [Source: Nie S, Chen G, Cao X, Zhang Y. Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis: a comprehensive review of pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and management. Orphanet J Rare Dis 2014;9:179. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CCBY) license.]

Associated Disorders

  • Ataxia
  • Behavioral problems
  • Bone fractures
  • Bulbar palsy
  • Cerebellar syndrome
  • Chronic diarrhea in children
  • Degenerative CNS disease
  • Dementia
  • Epileptic seizures
  • Gallstones
  • Ischemic heart disease
  • Juvenile cataracts
  • Kidney stones
  • Leukoencephalopathy
  • Marinesco-Sjogren syndrome
  • Mental retardation
  • Mitochondrial myopathy
  • Myelopathy
  • Myopathic-like faces
  • Nephrocalcinosis
  • Nephrolithiasis
  • Neurometabolic disease
  • Osteoporosis
  • Paraparesis
  • Paraplegia
  • Parkinsonism
  • Peripheral polyneuropathy
  • Pes cavus
  • Pontocerebellar degeneration
  • Psychiatric disorders
  • Xanthomata