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Lesions involving vestibular structures in the parietal operculum, the intraparietal sulcus, and the temporal lobe

In rare cases, the lesions (from published case reports on hemispheric infarcts accompanied by vertigo) involved vestibular structures in the parietal operculum (OP2), the intraparietal sulcus (area VIP), and the temporal lobe (MT+). None of the lesions directly affected the posterior insular cortex (PIC) although lesion 5 is close to this structure. Abbreviations: OP2 parietal operculum 2; MT+, motion-sensitive middle temporal area; VIP ventral intraparietal area; PIC posterior insular cortex, IV anterior long insular gyrus, V posterior long insular gyrus. (Source: Conrad J, Boegle R, Ruehl RM, Dieterich M. Evaluating the rare cases of cortical vertigo using disconnectome mapping. Brain Struct Funct 2022;227[9]:3063-73. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International [CC BY 4.0] license,