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Angiogram shows the material placed around the fistula as well as the disappearance of the blood in the superior ophthalmic vein. (Contributed by Dr. Jason Barton.)
Neuro-Ophthalmology & Neuro-Otology
Oct. 21, 2020
Childhood Degenerative & Metabolic Disorders
Dec. 29, 2020
Susac syndrome is typically a triad of encephalopathy, retinopathy, and hearing loss, but may have an atypical presentation. Most patients do not have the clinical triad at the onset of symptoms, but rather recurrences of one or more of the components of the triad. The syndrome is self-limiting and may go on for years, with fluctuations in its course.
Aug. 01, 2021
Headache & Pain
Primary exercise headache is a rare headache syndrome in which headache can be induced during or after physical exertion. Phenotypically, the headache begins within 30 minutes of cessation of exertion, typically lasts up to 4 hours, and can be associated with migrainous features. Intracranial pathology can present with exercise-induced headaches, and, therefore, it is imperative to investigate for secondary causes.
Oct. 18, 2020
Epilepsy & Seizures
Hyperekplexia is characterized by exaggerated startle reflexes and hypertonia in response to sudden unexpected stimuli, typically manifesting in utero or shortly after birth, but also occurring in children or adults. It is a predominantly hereditary paroxysmal neurologic disorder.
Aug. 22, 2020
Febrile seizures are the most common seizure type, affecting 3% to 4% of all children. Three features interact to produce a febrile seizure: immature brain, fever, and genetic predisposition. Although many affected children have recurrent febrile seizures, the risk of subsequent epilepsy is very small. The American Academy of Pediatrics offers guidelines for the evaluation and management of children with febrile seizures.
Jan. 18, 2021
Jun. 01, 2020
Jul. 26, 2021