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(Contributed by Dr. Joseph Berger.)
Jul. 04, 2021
General Child Neurology
Neonatal seizures are seizures occurring within the first 28 days in a full-term infant and extending to the 44 completed weeks gestational age in the preterm infant. Most neonatal seizures are acute reactive seizures, the most common cause in term infants being hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, stroke, or infection. Neonatal onset epilepsy syndromes also exist but are less common.
Nov. 17, 2020
Epilepsy & Seizures
Visual-sensitive seizures are provoked by photic, pattern and other visual stimuli, alone or in combination. They are the commonest type of reflex seizures and are mainly triggered by video games, television, and flickering lights of discotheques. The role of EEG is fundamental in identification of the offending stimuli, with significant clinical and pathophysiological implications.
Mar. 10, 2020
Nausea and vomiting occur from a large variety of causes and diseases involving several systems, including some neurologic disorders. Nausea is an imminent desire to vomit, whereas vomiting is the oral expulsion of gastric contents. Investigation of vomiting includes consideration of neurologic and gastrointestinal disorders as well as system diseases or the action of drugs or toxins.
Jul. 09, 2021
Neuropharmacology & Neurotherapeutics
Aug. 31, 2021
Neuro-Ophthalmology & Neuro-Otology
Jan. 23, 2021
Stroke & Vascular Disorders
Cerebral arteriopathies are collectively the most common cause of stroke, accounting for 30% to 40% of strokes in young adults and over 50% in children. Common cerebral vasculopathies in young adults include carotid and vertebral arterial dissection, moyamoya disease, reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndromes, primary angiitis of the central nervous system, dolichoectasia, sickle cell disease, CADASIL, Fabry disease, and selected genetic and inherited arteriopathies.
Apr. 04, 2020
Familial dysautonomia is an autosomal recessive hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy (HSAN) disorder characterized by both sensory and autonomic dysfunction, resulting in decreased pain and temperature perception as well as pervasive manifestations of autonomic dysregulation. Four unique features associated with this particular HSAN type are absence of overflow emotional tearing, afferent baroreflex failure, hyperadrenergic vomiting crises, and optic neuropathy.
Feb. 17, 2021