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(Contributed by Dr. Joseph Berger.)
Apr. 27, 2021
Childhood Degenerative & Metabolic Disorders
Dec. 29, 2020
Epilepsy & Seizures
Myoclonic absences are typical absence seizures with repetitive myoclonic jerks during the ictus. The classical type manifests with rhythmic jerks of the shoulders, arms, and legs with a concomitant tonic contraction during 3 to 4 Hz generalized spike-wave discharges. The jerks correlate with the spike and the tonic phase with the slow wave of the spike-slow wave discharge. This is the defining symptom of epilepsy with myoclonic absences.
Jan. 19, 2021
Neuropharmacology & Neurotherapeutics
Mar. 10, 2021
Nov. 05, 2020
Drug-induced disturbances of smell and taste may involve only smell or taste, or both together. Patients may present with diminished function, distortion, or complete loss. Symptoms may resolve on discontinuation of the offending medication, or may be persistent. Many drugs from different pharmacological categories have been associated with these disturbances.
Mar. 20, 2021
Stroke & Vascular Disorders
Cerebral artery dissection is the most common cause of stroke in young adults. The most common clinical features of extracranial carotid dissection include ipsilateral headache or neck pain, Horner syndrome, and cerebral or retinal ischemia. An estimated 50% of cases develop stroke and 30% present with transient ischemic attack from hemodynamic compromise of the distal vasculature due to luminal narrowing, or by distal embolism due to thrombotic fragments that communicate with the lumen of the dissected vessel.
Apr. 05, 2020
Fetal anticonvulsant syndrome is a nonfortuitous cluster of a variety of congenital malformations in infants exposed to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in
Apr. 18, 2019