Sign Up for a Free Account

This is an image preview.
Start a Free Account
to view the full image.

  • Nearly 3,000 illustrations, including video clips of neurologic disorders.

  • Every article is reviewed by our esteemed Editorial Board for accuracy and currency.

  • Full spectrum of neurology in 1,200 comprehensive articles.

Parathyroid glands to thyroid gland relationship

The parathyroid glands, and their relationship to the thyroid gland, the three laryngeal nerves, and the inferior thyroid artery (from behind). The original image has been modified by coloring the parathyroid glands purple for ease of viewing. Source: Grant JCB (1962). (Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.)

Associated Disorders

  • Acute and chronic renal failure
  • Endocrine disorders
  • Familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia
  • Granulomatous disorders
  • Infantile hypercalcemia (Williams syndrome)
  • Malignancy
  • Milk-alkali syndrome
  • Primary hyperparathyroidism