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Parathyroid glands to thyroid gland relationship

The parathyroid glands, and their relationship to the thyroid gland, the three laryngeal nerves, and the inferior thyroid artery (from behind). The original image has been modified by coloring the parathyroid glands purple for ease of viewing. Source: Grant JCB (1962). (Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.)

Associated Disorders

  • Acute and chronic renal failure
  • Endocrine disorders
  • Familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia
  • Granulomatous disorders
  • Infantile hypercalcemia (Williams syndrome)
  • Malignancy
  • Milk-alkali syndrome
  • Primary hyperparathyroidism