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Sella turcica region and pituitary gland from normal fetus

Left schematic drawing and right histological sagittal section of the sella turcica region and the pituitary gland from a normal human fetus, gestational age 16 weeks. Anterior direction is left. The adenopituitary gland appears dark blue (left) and the neuropituitary gland light blue (right). Ossification of the sella turcica appears in the cartilage (violet) below the pituitary gland. (Toluidine blue) (Reproduced with permission. J Craniofac Genet Dev Biol 1995;15:222-9.)

Associated Disorders

  • Anencephaly
  • CHARGE syndrome
  • Cleft lip and palate
  • Duplication of pituitary stalk
  • Ectopic neurohypophysis
  • Empty sella syndrome
  • Holoprosencephaly
  • Hypertelorism
  • Midfacial anomalies
  • Myelomeningocele
  • Pallister-Hall syndrome
  • Pituitary agenesis
  • Pituitary aplasia
  • Pituitary dysplasia
  • Pituitary ectopia
  • Pituitary hypoplasia
  • Rachischisis
  • Rathke cleft cyst
  • Rieger syndrome
  • Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome
  • Septo-optic dysplasia
  • Solitary maxillary central incisor
  • Spina bifida