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Table shows inheritance and genetic defects of cerebral amyloid angiopathies. (Contributed by Dr. Chelsea S Kidwell.)
Epilepsy & Seizures
Nov. 19, 2020
Childhood Degenerative & Metabolic Disorders
Apr. 07, 2020
Carpal tunnel syndrome manifestations include intermittent pain, numbness, and tingling in the fingers, subjective weakness of grip, hand swelling and stiffness, and sometimes pain radiating up into the forearm or shoulder. Symptoms are often provoked by hyperextension or hyperflexion of the wrist. It is the most common entrapment neuropathy.
Aug. 01, 2019
Stroke & Vascular Disorders
Fibromuscular dysplasia is a relatively uncommon multifocal arterial disease of unknown cause, characterized by nonatherosclerotic abnormalities involving the smooth muscle, fibrous and elastic tissue, of small- to medium-sized arterial walls. Cerebrovascular lesions may include arterial dissection and aneurysms. The most common neurologic symptoms are nonspecific, including headaches, vertigo, pulsatile tinnitus, sudden hearing loss, altered mentation, neck pain, and syncope.
Dec. 02, 2020
Anti-GD1b IgG or IgM antibodies are associated with acute or chronic ataxic neuropathy syndromes respectively, which may arise as acute postinfectious syndromes or as chronic paraproteinemia-associated syndromes. Sensory ataxic variants of Guillain Barré syndrome are often associated with anti-GD1b IgG antibodies.
Feb. 18, 2019
EEG is the most useful test for evaluation of possible epilepsy, and can help classify the seizure type or epilepsy syndrome. Diagnosis is supported by interictal epileptiform discharges on the EEG and can be confirmed when EEG records an ictal rhythm during a seizure.
Apr. 09, 2021
Neuro-Ophthalmology & Neuro-Otology
Diplopia, or double vision, is the sensation of seeing 2 copies of a viewed object. It arises because of disturbed optical elements within the eye (monocular diplopia) or ocular misalignment (binocular diplopia). Monocular diplopia is usually caused by an uncorrected refractive error or a deformity in the cornea or lens. In binocular diplopia, ocular misalignment causes diplopia because the fixating eye views the object of regard with the fovea, whereas the nonfixating (deviating) eye views it with a parafoveal retinal element.
Aug. 30, 2021
General Child Neurology
Developmental delay in children is a common and concerning presentation in pediatric primary and specialty care. The identification and evaluation and
May. 25, 2019