Neuropharmacology & Neurotherapeutics
Mar. 26, 2021
Nearly 3,000 illustrations, including video clips of neurologic disorders.
Every article is reviewed by our esteemed Editorial Board for accuracy and currency.
Full spectrum of neurology in 1,200 comprehensive articles.
With biphasic vertebral artery flow, flow is antegrade during early systole and diastole but retrograde during late systole. This is a more severe steal than that of early systolic deceleration and correlates with more severe steno-occlusive disease of the corresponding subclavian or innominate (brachiocephalic) artery. (Contributed by Dr. Douglas Lanska.)