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White matter abnormalities (FLAIR MRI) (5)

This FLAIR MRI demonstrates extensive cerebral white matter lesions in the brain of an elderly female with clinical features of dementia and poor executive function. (Contributed by Dr. Cory Toth.)

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Associated Disorders

  • AIDS-related dementia
  • Adrenoleukodystrophy
  • Alzheimer disease
  • Kearns-Sayre syndrome
  • Krabbe disease (globoid cell leukodystrophy)
  • Leigh disease (subacute necrotizing encephalomyelopathy)
  • Susac syndrome
  • cytomegalovirus infection
  • dementia
  • diabetes
  • diabetes mellitus
  • hypertension
  • lacunar stroke
  • metachromatic leukodystrophy
  • migraine
  • mitochondrial encephalopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS)
  • myotonic dystrophy
  • pediatric dysmyelinating disorders
  • pyridoxine deficiency
  • stroke
  • vascular dementia