Sign Up for a Free Account

This is an image preview.
Start a Free Account
to view the full image.

  • Nearly 3,000 illustrations, including video clips of neurologic disorders.

  • Every article is reviewed by our esteemed Editorial Board for accuracy and currency.

  • Full spectrum of neurology in 1,200 comprehensive articles.

  • Listen to MedLink on the go with Audio versions of each article.

Toxoplasmosis ocular manifestations

Toxoplasmosis is a disease caused by the obligate intracellular protozoan Toxoplasma gondii. It is found in a variety of mammal and bird hosts. It is one of the most frequent causes of retinochoroiditis in humans. The ocular manifestations are frequently the result of the congenital form; however, a growing number of cases are occurring in immune-compromised individuals. Because of its predilation for the posterior pole and the subsequent loss of central vision, it is sometimes called "terrible toxo." (Contributed by Dr. Rosa Tang.

Associated Disorders

  • Cytomegalovirus
  • HIV
  • Herpes simplex virus
  • Herpes zoster virus
  • Hydroxychloroquine retinopathy
  • Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy
  • Refsum disease
  • Retinal vasculitis
  • Sclopetaria
  • Shaken baby syndrome
  • Siderosis
  • Syphilitic retinitis
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Thioridazine retinopathy
  • Toxoplasmosis
  • Usher syndrome
  • Vigabatrin retinopathy