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Hydroxychloroquine retinopathy (fundus photo)

Hydroxychloroquine has a low potential for damage to the retina known. Most physicians who treat patients with this medication recommend a dose of 400 mg per day. This daily dose is known to be very safe; however, as seen here, some patients do develop retinopathy. This patient had been taking 400 mg daily for 5 years. Her macula has a granular appearance with no foveal reflex. (Contributed by Dr. Rosa Tang.)

Associated Disorders

  • Cytomegalovirus
  • HIV
  • Herpes simplex virus
  • Herpes zoster virus
  • Hydroxychloroquine retinopathy
  • Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy
  • Refsum disease
  • Retinal vasculitis
  • Sclopetaria
  • Shaken baby syndrome
  • Siderosis
  • Syphilitic retinitis
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Thioridazine retinopathy
  • Toxoplasmosis
  • Usher syndrome
  • Vigabatrin retinopathy