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HIV retinopathy cotton-wool spots

HIV retinopathy cotton-wool spots are the most common findings in patients with AIDS, occurring in 50% to 60% of individuals with HIV. The white lesion in HIV retinopathy is caused by microvasculopathy (cotton-wool spots). Cotton-wool spots seen in individuals with HIV are identical to those seen in other conditions, such as diabetes and hypertension (Contributed by Dr. Rosa Tang.)

Associated Disorders

  • Cytomegalovirus
  • HIV
  • Herpes simplex virus
  • Herpes zoster virus
  • Hydroxychloroquine retinopathy
  • Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy
  • Refsum disease
  • Retinal vasculitis
  • Sclopetaria
  • Shaken baby syndrome
  • Siderosis
  • Syphilitic retinitis
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Thioridazine retinopathy
  • Toxoplasmosis
  • Usher syndrome
  • Vigabatrin retinopathy