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Cytomegalovirus retinitis

Cytomegalovirus retinitis is an opportunistic pathogen in severely immunocompromised individuals (eg, organ transplant recipients and AIDS patients). Cytomegalovirus retinitis occurs in an estimated 30% of AIDS patients, with the incidence increasing as CD4 count falls below 100 cells/mm3. Cytomegalovirus retinitis can be diagnosed through a standard ophthalmologic examination. Dilation of the pupils and indirect ophthalmoscopy will show signs of cytomegalovirus retinitis. Because of the florid edematous nature of this retinitis, it is sometimes described as looking like ketchup and mayonnaise (Contributed by Dr. Rosa Tang.)

Associated Disorders

  • Cytomegalovirus
  • HIV
  • Herpes simplex virus
  • Herpes zoster virus
  • Hydroxychloroquine retinopathy
  • Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy
  • Refsum disease
  • Retinal vasculitis
  • Sclopetaria
  • Shaken baby syndrome
  • Siderosis
  • Syphilitic retinitis
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Thioridazine retinopathy
  • Toxoplasmosis
  • Usher syndrome
  • Vigabatrin retinopathy