Severe closed head injury
The clinical examination of a patient with severe brain injury is similar to the evaluation of a comatose patient. Predictors of outcome include the Glasgow Coma Scale and Injury Severity Scores and aspects of the neurologic exam of the comatose patient. Complications include all sequelae of prolonged coma and recumbency, and systemic trauma, including systemic infection, deep venous thrombosis, electrolyte abnormalities, fat embolism syndrome, stress ulceration, and anemia.
Aug. 22, 2021