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This patient with progressive supranuclear palsy walks on tip-toes. (Contributed by Dr. Joseph Jankovic.)
Sep. 05, 2020
Childhood Degenerative & Metabolic Disorders
Mar. 22, 2020
Jun. 12, 2020
Behavioral & Cognitive Disorders
Intellectual disability is currently defined by the American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities as “a disability characterized by significant limitations both in intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior as expressed in conceptual, social, and practical adaptive skills. This disability originates before age 18.” Diagnosis requires standardized measurement of both intelligence and adaptive function and should be periodically re-evaluated with repeat psychological, educational, and achievement assessment.
Sep. 12, 2016
Neuro-Ophthalmology & Neuro-Otology
Meniere syndrome features recurrent episodes of spontaneous vertigo, fluctuating hearing loss, aural fullness, subjective tinnitus, and a progressive loss of audiovestibular function. Vertiginous episodes typically last hours, with residual nonvertiginous disequilibrium that can last for days.
Oct. 21, 2020
Neuropharmacology & Neurotherapeutics
The term "anticonvulsant" is applied to a drug used for the treatment of epileptic seizures, hence, the synonym "antiepileptic.” The primary criterion for the selection of anticonvulsant drugs is the patient's seizure type. Anticonvulsants are also being used in the treatment of neuropathic pain and as mood stabilizers in the treatment of psychiatric disorders such as bipolar disorder.
Jun. 02, 2021
Mar. 20, 2021
Chorea describes a syndrome characterized by brief, abrupt involuntary movements resulting from a continuous flow of random muscle contractions. When choreic movements are more severe, assuming a flinging, sometimes violent, character, they are called ballism. Vascular disease of the brain is the most common cause of nongenetic chorea in adults.
Aug. 16, 2020