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Repetitive episodes of spasmodic eye closure are sustained for several seconds. (Contributed by Dr. Joseph Jankovic.)

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Associated Disorders

  • Apraxia of eyelid opening
  • Athetoid cerebral palsy
  • Atypical autosomal dominant dystonia
  • Biopterin deficiency
  • Blepharoclonus
  • Ceroid lipofuscinosis
  • Delayed-onset dystonia
  • Dopa-responsive dystonia
  • Dystonic lipidosis ("sea blue" histiocytosis) gangliosidoses
  • Early-onset parkinsonism with dystonia
  • Encephalitis lethargica
  • Facial myorhythmia
  • Familial basal ganglia calcifications
  • Glutaric acidemia
  • Hemimasticatory spasm
  • Hereditary spastic paraplegia with dystonia
  • Hexosaminidase A and B deficiency
  • Infantile bilateral striatal necrosis
  • Juvenile parkinsonism-dystonia
  • Multiple system atrophy
  • Oculogyric crisis
  • Parkinson disease
  • Parkinsonism
  • Paroxysmal dystonia-choreoathetosis
  • Postencephalitic parkinsonism
  • Progressive pallidal degeneration
  • Progressive supranuclear palsy
  • Rapid-onset dystonia-parkinsonism
  • Whipple disease
  • X-linked dystonia-parkinsonism