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MR angiogram showing midbasilar artery stenosis. (Contributed by Dr. Jeffrey Saver.)
Headache & Pain
Dec. 02, 2020
Paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis is a subset of a larger group of autoimmune encephalitides characterized by the predominant involvement of the limbic system. Patients present with varied combinations of short-term memory loss, seizures, and psychiatric disturbance. Small cell lung carcinoma, thymoma, testicular germ cell tumors, and Hodgkin disease are the tumors most often associated with paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis.
Jun. 01, 2021
Jul. 12, 2021
MOG antibodies can appear in non-MS-acquired demyelinating inflammatory CNS diseases. ADEM-like disease is a common presentation in children, and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder, transverse myelitis, and optic neuritis characterize it in adults.
Jul. 14, 2018
Neuro-Ophthalmology & Neuro-Otology
Oct. 21, 2020
Immune-mediated cerebellar ataxias are divided in paraneoplastic and nonparaneoplastic diseases. The latter include gluten ataxia, postinfectious cerebellitis, opsoclonus myoclonus ataxia syndrome, anti-GAD ataxia, and primary autoimmune cerebellar ataxia. Nonparaneoplastic immune-mediated cerebellar ataxias are characterized by subacute onset, frequent autoimmune disease history in the patient or relatives, and predominant gait ataxia, usually associated with autoantibodies.
Aug. 28, 2020
Jul. 27, 2020
Epilepsy & Seizures
In this article, the authors present recent data and discussion about the causes, syndromes, diagnosis, and management of hypermotor seizures.
Jan. 18, 2021