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Myofascial pain patterns of the temporalis muscle

Essential (solid red) and spillover (stippled red) referred pain from temporalis trigger points (x's) project to: (A) the temple, supraorbital ridge, and downward to the upper incisor teeth; (B) the midtemporal region, and downward to the intermediate maxillary teeth, (C) the molar teeth and TMJ, and (D) the temporoparietal scalp with deep tenderness. (From: Travell JG, Simons DG. Myofascial pain and dysfunction, temporalis muscle, the trigger point manual. Volume 1. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, 1983:237, with permission.)

Associated Disorders

  • Fibromyalgia
  • Greater occipital neuralgia
  • Piriformis syndrome
  • Postexercise muscle soreness
  • Thoracic outlet syndrome
  • Whiplash