Epilepsy & Seizures
Panayiotopoulos syndrome is a common self-limited childhood-related syndrome manifesting with infrequent autonomic seizures that often last for hours (autonomic status epilepticus). Seizures manifest with a wide spectrum of ictal autonomic manifestations, mainly emesis, syncope-like epileptic seizures (ictal syncope), mydriasis, incontinence, and thermoregulatory and cardiorespiratory irregularities. It is frequently unrecognized or misdiagnosed as encephalitis and other nonepileptic or epileptic disorders.
Sep. 16, 2019